Both. There is no such diagnosis in DSM V. Sociopathy and psychopathy are in fact no longer in DSM V, both fall under antisocial personality disorder, which Sherlock does not have. Now I’m not a fan of the DSM- it’s invalid and unreliable, (not to mention the problems associated with the drug companies, yada yada) as a lot of diagnoses cross over. It’s often thought that ASPD is on the same scale as ASD (autism spectrum disorder), as they cross over so much, though there’s also speculation that ASD isn’t a disorder at all and is in fact just a different brain structure that’s better at systemising than neurotypical brains. Because of the crossovers, a lot of people end up falling partially into a few categories and don’t get a stable diagnosis (for example I used to show acute signs of bipolar disorder, but not enough to be fully diagnosed with BPD) and I think Sherlock is one of these people. He is not neurotypical, so all of that stuff Moffat and Gatiss said about Sherlock not being ‘aspergic’ was pretty much BS in my opinion because he is NOT neurotypical in the slightest. This said, that also does not mean that he’s a ‘sociopath’. As we have seen, he is capable of emotions other than primal ones (lust, rage, fear, aggression etc). However, it’s hard to dissect what he’s not feeling and what he hides, though from personal experiences of my own mind, I’ve more or less concluded that he probably does have ASD in some form or another. Let me explain:
Sherlock can be manipulative for his own needs (usually filed under ASPD), he has either little knowledge or little care for social norms and tendencies (ASD), but isn’t socially deranged in any way, and can function pretty well on his own (unlike ASPD), he has ‘tunnel vision’, in other words he focuses on one specific topic almost obsessively, i.e his cases (ASD), he appears cold and calculated (ASD. Could be ASPD, though they are more usually described as charming and nice, weirdly enough), little empathy shown/ felt (ASD, NOT ASPD because he CAN feel, he just chooses not to, or he only feels for those he is close to, like me) he is organised (ASD). Here’s where the ‘high functioning’ part comes in. In the old DSM (four I think) high functioning autism was basically asperges to a lower degree (without speech impediment), but still with higher intellectual capabilities. However with the new DSM V, the ‘high functioning’ label has been completely disbanded and is instead under the ASD umbrella with all the rest.
There are however pieces of the puzzle into which he does not fit: repetition in routine, distress when said routine is broken, clumsiness, lack of eye contact, nervous ticks or similar things like arm flapping, hyper/hyposensitivity, social anxiety, almost OCD like habits in terms of ordering and counting things etc etc. Now I’m not saying that ALL people with ASD will fit every category, I don’t, I know others who do not, but it seems unlikely that Sherlock would be extreme in some aspects and not in others.
Overall, I think we have to take into account that this is a fictional character, and not a real person with or without ASD, however from what I’ve gathered, I have concluded that Sherlock most likely has a form of ASD, though is also a unique individual and may not fit into any labelled box, as no-one really will.
Whoa, sorry for the huge rant, I could go on for years about ASD!
People that still believe that Sherlock is a ‘high functioning sociopath’
Tom gets distracted by howling wind in an interview. x
This is so freaken adorable.
Poor John ;v;
I’ve never been asked for general advice.
you know, it’s hard with advice, isn’t it? Like, if you give people advice they want to ignore it most of the time. Um, but, um, I don’t know. I don’t know. What do I know? I don’t know anything
Dance more was better wasn’t it? . Dance more!
Eros and ApolloCecil and Carlos~
edit: reuploaded transparent version of the Cecil one
Cecil Gershwin Palmer, past and present.
I always have way too much fun with his 50’s clothes.
this might be the most sickeningly cutesy thing i’ve ever drawn